On the last week of February, our friends Hannah Brimstone from Flinders University and Luisa Martinez-Escobar from Australian National University officially ended their six-week internship with PUSKAPA. Hannah and Luisa were doing an internship under Law Professional Practicum program managed by ACICIS, a consortium of Australian universities that provide options to study in Indonesia. As law students, they contribute their perspective and expertise in the fields they are interested in that are in line with PUSKAPA’s works.
Hannah with her background in Law and Psychology studied family conferencing in juvenile justice in Indonesia. Indonesia has been implementing conferencing as diversion method for the past four years, and in this opportunity, Hannah proposed a question on the method’s compatibility in Indonesia. To better understand the role of conferencing in juvenile justice, Hannah explored pieces of literature that recorded and evaluated conferencing in different countries. From the process, she found that conferencing will work best if the role of the state is minimized. Conferencing should encourage discussion between victims and offenders to solve the problem in a more constructive manner. The presence of law enforcement actor often established power relation that may discourage both parties to converse.
On the other hand, Luisa practiced her legal knowledge in a different issue. Based on our recent study on statelessness, Luisa went in-depth to study statelessness in children of migrant workers. Luisa studied International Relations and Sociology before pursuing a Jurist Doctor, so the experience of cross-border workers is very coherent with her interest. Migrant workers’ children and the circumstances around their births put them at risk of being stateless. She interviewed civil society organizations that have worked directly with migrant workers and analyzed the layers of gaps both in citizenship and migrant worker’s protection policies and its implementation. Based on her analysis, the protection gaps also come with social barriers that hinder children from attaining their right to a nationality. Mothers are often stigmatized for having children outside of wedlock, forcing them to strategize or even give up their children to foster care.
Both Luisa and Hannah presented their work with PUSKAPA’s team to receive feedback and inform PUSKAPA on further research needed to close the knowledge gap. PUSKAPA has been working closely with the Indonesian government to reform our juvenile justice system and access to legal identity for children, and their work will contribute greatly to our research and advocacy process.