Improving Research on Disability, For a More Inclusive Indonesia

Posted Under Disabilitas Inklusi

In order to celebrate International Disability Day, on December 8th, 2016, Bappenas with the support of CBM, NLR, GIZ, KOMPAK, and PUSKAPA held a Seminar on Disability Inclusion. This seminar involved various ministries, such as Ministry of Human Development and Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Manpower, and other ministries, institutions, as well as academics, and NGOs.

This seminar began with a plenary session by Dr. Vivi Yulaswati, MSc, Director of Poverty Reduction and Social Welfare at Bappenas, together with Prof. Hannah Kuper, Co-Director of the International Centre for Evidence in Disability at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Gantjang Amanullah, MA, Director of Social Welfare Statistics at BPS. Various perspectives of disability inclusion were discussed in this session, including the economic costs of excluding persons with disabilities and the potential corresponding gains of including them, the importance of investing in the skills of persons with disabilities, as well as a discussion of the problem of demographic situation of persons with disabilities to date in Indonesia.

The plenary session was followed by focused group discussions that addressed the major themes related to more inclusive basic services for persons with disabilities, improving the quality of life of persons with disabilities through the expansion of welfare and social protection programs, and poverty reduction through increasing sustainable livelihood opportunities for persons with disabilities.

There have been numerous commitments made by the government to guarantee the rights of persons with disabilities. One of them underlined the need to pay attention to disability issues in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019. The Government has also ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) with Law No. 19 of 2011 on Ratification of the UNCRPD and has passed Law No. 8 2016 on Disability, as a commitment to improve the quality of life of persons with disabilities.

The government also recognizes the need for a better social protection system that can meet the diverse needs of persons with disabilities. In order to do that, we need to strengthen national data collection efforts on persons with disabilities, which is a crucial for identifying the prevalence of different types of disability, and as a basis for planning, targeting, and evaluating these programs. Programs for inclusive and sustainable livelihoods through access to education, skills training, loans, and the opportunity to work in the formal sector need to be designed and evaluated based on high-quality evidence. To ensure that programs for persons with disabilities are targeted effectively and executed optimally, we need evidence-based research. That is what the seminar aimed to reinforce: to work with various stakeholders to create a research agenda on persons with disabilities, in order to make Indonesia a disability-inclusive country.

To continue to support research on disabilities in Indonesia, we've compiled an annotated bibliography containing research on disability that can be accessed through