Pathways Out of Adversity: Learning from Exploratory Study and Instrument Piloting to Move Forward

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The Ministry of Education and Culture, PUSKAPA, and SurveyMETER disseminated results from the exploratory and piloting stages of Pathways Out of Adversity Study (Studi Longitudinal Anak & Keluarga or SLAK) conducted in 2016 and 2017 respectively. This dissemination workshop was held on April 12, 2018, and attended by government partners such as Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Affairs, Statistics Indonesia, as well as development partners. This workshop aimed to foster future collaborations with various government and development partners on measuring factors affecting child wellbeing through a longitudinal study for formulating safe and inclusive child protection policies.


The event began with PUSKAPA’s presentation on the findings from 2016 and 2017. The findings highlighted the need for improving measurement of child care practices and cognitive development that is relevant for Indonesia’s context. In 2018, the team will focus on piloting the revised instrument as well as collecting survey data in two areas followed by a full round of data analysis.

The presentation was followed by a panel discussion, moderated by Firman Witoelar, SurveyMETER Director of Research. This session had three speakers with backgrounds on education and health research in children: Daniel Suryadarma (Deputy Team Leader of RISE Programme), Rahmawati (Education Assessment Analyst of the Indonesian National Assessment Programme), and Nunik Kusumawardani (Researcher from the Global Student Health Survey). Each speaker presented their study and the subsequent lessons learned for the SLAK team to consider.


Suryadarma highlighted the need for SLAK to test the instrument to a group of the population with more diverse socio-economic status and to consider the trade-off between developing instruments that are general enough for a national-level context and the potential for not capturing local context. Rahmawati reminded the team of the potential for children not taking the cognitive tests (or any other tests) seriously, which will negatively impact the data quality.


This half-day workshop provided a cross-learning platform for the SLAK team to connect and receive useful feedback from the research network. The team will take all the recommendations to finalize the instruments and conduct data collections in the near future. A longitudinal study design allows us to make stronger connections between childhood adversities and wellbeing outcomes because we get to follow the same cohort (6-18 months old and 10-12 years old) periodically until they reach 18 years old. That way, we get to have a deeper understanding of their childhood adversities and factors that make them resilient.