The 2015-2019 RPJMN (National Medium Term Development Plan) has almost expired. The Ministry of PPN / Bappenas, which has the authority to establish development policies, needs to begin reorganizing the RPJMN for the 2020-2024 period. The first step of the process of preparing the RPJMN is to construct a background study document to be used as the basis for thinking so that the plans and strategies are formulated in accordance with the needs of development. The background study is carried out by each directorate in Bappenas according to their respective fields.
PUSKAPA, as one of the partners of Bappenas, also supported the preparation of the study background in three directorates: the Directorate of Population and Social Protection (PKPS), the Directorate of Child Protection - Directorate of Families, Women, Children, Youth and Sports (KPAPO), and the Directorate of Law and Regulation (Kumlasi).
At the PKPS directorate, PUSKAPA participated in the preparation of the topic of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS). Background study on the topic of CRVS will discuss more strategies around strengthening Civil Registration services and Population Registration in areas with low coverage. In addition, this background study also raised the issue of coordination and cross-sector collaboration for strengthening population administration; the sustainability of the community’s roles in reporting important events; completeness, connectedness, and utilization of administrative data; and fulfillment of admission services for poor, vulnerable and special needs groups. This arrangement was carried out with literature and policy studies, interviews with key informants, and focus group discussions.
At the end of 2017, PUSKAPA assisted the Directorate of Law and Regulation in collecting data for the 2020-2024 RPJMN through a series of focus group discussions with key themes from the issues of the Juvenile Justice System (SPPA) in Indonesia. Issues discussed in the three meetings included human resource management, rehabilitation and reintegration, data, monitoring, and evaluation of SPPA. In this discussion series, PUSKAPA helped develop the terms of reference for the activities, presented the latest data on SPPA, and gave input as discussion participants. PUSKAPA, together with UNICEF, also produced a policy sheet that highlighted current issues at the level of planning, management, and implementation of SPPA. Issue identification is accompanied by priority recommendations that should be noted by the Government of Indonesia in designing future development plans.
At the KPAPO directorate, PUSKAPA supported the preparation of background studies for the topic of child protection. The role of PUSKAPA began with helping to organize a series of preliminary workshops involving various development sectors regarding children. PUSKAPA also developed the terms of reference and draft of the child protection study for 2020-2024 and compiled an abstract of the RPJMN background study as material for the presentation of the Minister of VAT in the 2019 presidential election.
Support of the KPAPO directorate continued with data collection and helped formulate situation and problem analysis, and policy directions as outlined in the advocacy brief and technical notes. PUSKAPA proposes that child development policies in 2020-2024 must target three fundamental problems, namely the inequality of access to standard services, systems that are not responsive enough in meeting the needs of children and improving their quality of life, as well as regulations that are not yet inclusive.
As of now, the process of constructing the background study is still ongoing in each directorate. PUSKAPA hopes that the background study will be able to support the preparation of RPJMN 2020-2024 so that it is more measurable, inclusive, and oriented towards sustainable development.