Poverty remains Indonesia's biggest problem. More than 96 million individuals (nearly 40% of the total population), among whom almost 24 million are children, still live in the poorest households. Children across the country face numerous adversities, including high malnutrition and stunting rates, poor child and maternal health, insufficient access to safe and clean water and sanitation, weak education outcomes, and violence. These adversities often trap children within cycles of poverty that cannot be broken without additional care. Therefore, poverty reduction and social protection strategies should prioritize improving the well-being, resilience, and potential of Indonesia's next generation.

PUSKAPA aims to change the way child protection as a sector contributes to the understanding of how insufficient access to critical resources and quality basic services impact not only children's physical and cognitive growth, but also their long-term ability to contribute to society. Through its research, PUSKAPA seeks to identify the ways in which individual, family, and systems factors contribute to children's ultimate ability to access and make use of health, education, social, and economic opportunities in the face of adversity. Through its advocacy strategy, PUSKAPA promotes an integrated social protection system that provides support to vulnerable families and communities. The assistance should enable them to keep children within their families and to enable families to assume their responsibilities for the care and protection of their children.