Poverty remains Indonesia's biggest problem. More than 96 million individuals (nearly 40% of the total population), among whom almost 24 million are children, still live in the poorest households. Children across the country also face numerous adversities, including high malnutrition and stunting rates, poor health, insufficient access to safe and clean water and sanitation, insufficient access to quality education, disability, and violence. These adversities often trap children within cycles of poverty that cannot be broken without additional care. Therefore, in order to improve the wellbeing, resilience, and potential of Indonesia's next generation, poverty reduction and social protection strategies should prioritize inclusion of all children, regardless of gender, identity, and ability.

PUSKAPA aims to change the way child protection as a sector contributes to the understanding of how social exclusion and insufficient access to critical resources and quality basic services impact not only children's physical and cognitive growth, but also their long-term ability to contribute to society. Through its research, PUSKAPA seeks to identify the ways in which individual, family, and systems factors contribute to children's ultimate ability to access and make use of health, education, social, and economic opportunities in the face of adversity. Through its advocacy strategy, PUSKAPA promotes an inclusive and integrated social care system that provides support to vulnerable families and communities. The assistance should enable children to remain within their families and in turn enable families to assume their responsibilities for the care and protection of their children.