Back to What Counts: Birth and Death in Indonesia



Civil registration is integral to the Indonesian government’s current poverty-reduction strategy, both for its ability to confer legal identity to citizens and as the principal source of the country’s vital statistics. Unfortunately, ownership of key civil registration documents, such as birth certificates and death certificates, remains exceptionally low, and government ministries and local governments are often unable to access timely, reliable, and comprehensive vital statistics. This study sought to provide the Government of Indonesia with an evidence base of the bottlenecks, gaps, strengths, and opportunities in the existing civil registration and vital statistics systems, and to assess relevant contextual variations within the country to inform planning and implementation of an enduring solution.