Social Protection: Should it only be targeting the poor?

There have been debates on which social protection scheme is more effective: poverty targeting or universal provision. Some argue that poverty targeted programs could reduce cost and provide higher benefit for the targeted group. Others argue that universal provision could reduce poverty more effectively, at the same time also promoting equality. In this learning series, Stephen presented evidence and arguments that universal social protection that mainly covers child, old-age, and disability benefits, could effectively reduce poverty and promote equality. Vivi Yulaswati discussed the premise from policy-making point of view.